There are three types of diabetes classified under the human system – type-1 diabetes, type-2 diabetes and type-3 diabetes. Type-1 and type-3 are not very common diabetic disorders in cats. Most feline suffer from diabetes type-2 also known as diabetes mellitus or ‘sugar’ diabetes especially the older cats. Irregular production and regulation of insulin (responsible for absorption of glucose in the blood) results in the increase of sugar level in blood and urine. This results in hyperglycemia and excessive deposits of glucose further lead to ‘sugar’ diabetes.
As discussed earlier, this condition is manageable and can be cured with regular diagnosis through a veterinarian, a well-prescribed cat diet and insulin intake via injections and oral medications. Elaborating each treatment in details will help our cat owners a broader overview of the treatment for cat diabetes.
1. Symptoms and Diagnosis
Most prevalent symptoms for cats suffering from diabetes type-2 are increase in thirst and urination; sudden drop in body weight; extreme weakness in joints and limbs; lethargic walk; sudden irregular appetite; ketoacidosis resulting in bad breath; dehydration and more. Once you have noticed these symptoms prevailing in your pet, your first step towards the treatment should be visiting a veterinarian.
A regular check-up with a certified veterinarian will help you diagnose this condition at an early stage as most cats are found diabetic when insulin injections become a necessity for their survival. After hospitalization, the veterinarian shall conduct certain examinations and tests where the intensity of diabetes will be detected which shall further enable the veterinarian to prescribe a relevant treatment.
2. Dietary Management
Diet is a key source of nutrition and well-being of humans. Similarly, a cat diet also plays a vital role in maintaining a healthy and a longer lifespan. Especially for cats undergoing diabetic treatment; a diet high in proteins and low in carbohydrates is highly recommended. Dry foods being rich in carbs should not be giving to cats. Small portions of meals are the best way to feed diabetic feline instead of larger meals. Fluids should be given to cats to prevent dehydration. Maintain a daily record of diet and weight chart of your diabetic cat. Owners may also include protein-rich supplement foods to cat’s meals.
3. Insulin Injections and Oral Drugs
Diabetic cats are injected with ‘animal insulin’ in small dosages. Most cats are given this dose twice a day depending on the diagnostic results. Oral drugs may include Vitamin B12 also.
All these medications and treatment should be given to your diabetic cats only after a one-on-one consultation with your veterinarian.